Hazelnut Hybrids, Northern
Sorry, no hazelnut trees can be shipped to the United States western states or British Columbia due to restrictions by USDA and Agriculture Canada. Our Northern hazels were selected from seed sources and crosses made for cold climates. Our seed sources include C. heterophylla hybrids (Asian hardy) as well as original crosses made at Morden Experimental Farm in Manitoba. This work is being carried on at the University of Saskatchewan. The seedlings and layered selections were open pollinated in our diverse hazelnut orchard. Nut and plant size of the progeny are bigger than the parent trees, but the trees are smaller than the standard European varieties. Our selected layered trees are highly blight resistant. We expect the seedlings to be at least 70% blight free too. Mature tree size is about 3-4 m tall and 3-4 m wide (10-14 ft). We consider them hardy for zone 3b, possibly 3a.
These C. Heterophylla hybrids are open pollinated crosses from our genetically mixed hazelnut orchard. Nuts ripen in late August.Suited for climate zones 4a to 8.
Our parent seed for this strain was grown in Saskatchewan where the less hardy trees of the Manitoba crosses were weeded out. The crosses were made by the Director of the Morden Experimental Farm in Manitoba. He crossed the prairie adapted native American hazel with breeding selections from the Geneva NY breeding project and distributed the off-spring across the prairies. The University of Saskatchewan is continuing with the hazelnut work. Blight resistance seems very good. Nuts ripen in late August. Suited for climate zones 4a-7.
These are hazel hybrids crossed with European hazels with years of exposure to the Wisconsin & Minnesota climate. They are productive trees with moderately thick shells. There is wide variation in tree size, nut size and the ease of husking. Suited for climate zone 3-8.
Our native American hazel tree is pollinized by surrounding hazel selections. The seedlings from this tree that we planted in our orchard have begun to produce. The nuts are all several times larger than the nuts from the parent tree, but the trees are just as productive as the parent. The nut size and shape resembles the pollen parent. The mother tree is less than 1.5 metres tall. The offspring are all larger trees than the parent, so far over 2 metres tall. We consider the seedling trees to be hardy for zones4-7.
'AndrewTM' is a medium size "Asian/Quebec source" tree growing to about 3-4 m tall and spreading about 3 m (12' tall & 10' wide). It is productive and highly blight resistant. It is being tested as a pollinizer variety for later ripening commercial cultivars. The nuts are medium size, round and ripen late August. Suited for climate zones 3b-8.
'AldaraTM' is a medium size "Asian/Quebec source" tree growing to about 3-4 m tall and spreading about 3 m (12' tall & 10' wide). It is very productive and highly blight resistant. It is being tested as a pollinizer variety for later ripening commercial cultivars and as a main crop cultivar. The nuts are medium size, round and ripen late August. Suited for climate zones 3b-8.
'Marion' is a medium size "Saskatchewan source" tree growing to about 3-4 m tall and spreading about 3 m (12' tall & 10' wide). It is productive and highly blight resistant. It is being tested as a pollinizer variety and a possible main crop cultivar. The nuts are medium size round and ripen late August. Suited for climate zones 3b-8.
'Frank' is a medium size "Saskatchewan source" tree growing to about 3-4 m tall and spreading about 3 m (12' tall & 10' wide). It is productive and highly blight resistant. It is being tested as a pollinizer variety as well as a main crop cultivar for colder zones. The nuts are medium size round and ripen mid August. Suited for climate zones 3b-8.
'Northern BlaisTM' is new and for trial plantings only. The tree was selected by a grower in zone 4 in Quebec that purchased seedling northern hazels from our nursery. The ortet was returned to us for trial testing and propagation. The nuts are medium size, round, well filled, and so far the tree is productive and blight free. It appears to be a promising selection.
'Crimson' is a hardy red leaf hazel, possibly the most hardy ornamental hazel cultivar. It is a 'Wisconsin source' hazel with deep red leaf colour and large frilly husks that remain red until harvest in late September. It is expected to grow to about 2 metres tall. It is hardy from zone 4-8.
'Het E' is an 'Asian/Quebec' source hazel. It has good blight resistance but is susceptible to bud mite. Sprays are registered for bud mite control in Ontario. The tree is productive, hardy and about 3m x 3m in size (10' x10'). The nut is medium size, round and well filled.
'Skinner' parentage is unknown. It was introduced by Fred Ashworth in co-operation with Mr. Skinner of Manitoba. It is believed that Mr. Skinner, a hobbiest breeder obtained European pollen and crossed it with a native American hazel. The tree is very productive, blight resistant and medium size. 'Skinner' is a moderately large nut with distinctive features of the American hazel. It is hardy for climates zones 4-8.
'Joanne' is a 'Saskatchewan' source hazel. It has good blight resistance but is bud mite susceptible. Sprays are available in Ontario for bud mite control. The tree is about 3m x 3m in size (10' x10') and a good producer of medium size round nuts. It is hardy for climate zones 4-8.
'DermisTM' is a northern hardy tree producing an excellent nut. We selected it from a population of 'Skinner' seedlings in our orchard. and we believe it is superior to the parent.in a number of ways. 'Skinner' was a cross made in Manitoba using pollen from the Geneva Experiment Station in NY on a native American hazelnut. It is a late ripening nut like its parent, so it would be a good pollinizer for early ripening selections like 'Gamma' or 'Yamhill'. In zones 4-5 it could be matched with early ripening Saskatchewan source selections. The nut is medium size, slightly oval yielding about 40% kernel.
We have found it to be very productive. In a survey over a 5 year period, it has averaged 6.35 kg or 14 pounds per year. Planted at 16' x 10' it would average 3800 pounds per acre.
Julia is a 'Saskatchewan' source hazel. It is blight and bud mite susceptible but still outproduces most other northern hazels. Sprays are registered for blight and bud mite control in Ontario, but pruning out the blighted limbs is also an option. The tree has proven to be hardy in Wisconsin. The nuts are large and well filled. It is hardy for zones 3b-7.
‘Winkler’ Native American hazelnut produces larger nuts and is more productive than most native seedlings. Originally from Iowa, it was introduced in 1918. ‘Winkler’ grows to about 2m (6 ft) tall and wide is not susceptible to blight. Ease of care and dependable bearing makes this plant a highly sought after variety. Its small size and good looks make it popular with home owners. Suited to zone 3b-7.