Sorry, no hazelnut trees can be shipped to the west coast states of the United States or to British Columbia* due to restrictions by the USDA and Agriculture Canada. The hazelnut is the first nut tree to be under production commercially in Southern Ontario. The layered selections (trees on their own roots) that we sell are all being tested at the Simcoe and Vineland Experiment Stations for nut quality and production. We have European layered hazels from the Oregon State University trials as well as selections developed in the east and on our own farm. We have monitored our test orchard for over 40 years and offer the best layered hazelnuts on trial in our nursery list. Hazelnut trees grow to about 4-5 m tall at maturity and spread about 4-5 m (15 ft). NOTE THAT AT LEAST 2 SEEDLINGS OR TWO DIFFERENT COMPATIBLE LAYERED CULTIVARS ARE NEEDED TO PRODUCE NUTS.
*New for BC Growers - Dr Patel at AgriForest Biotechnologies now has the license to grow and provide OSU's cultivars to BC growers including: McDonald, Webster, Felix, York and Dorris. Please contact them directly to place your orders: firstname.lastname@example.org
Please note - hazelnut Layers will be added when the actual inventory is completed in the fall.
The New York hazelnut seedlings are usually grown from seed of NY 616 and /or NY 398, two superior blight immune cultivars from the hazelnut work done at the Geneva Experiment Station by George Slate. These are hybrids made with crosses with the 'Rush' American native hazel. We expect 70% or more of the seedlings to be blight resistant. Tree and nut size resemble European hazels. Suited for climate zones 6a-8.
The Grimo hazel seedlings are 2nd generation seed from Gellatly's 'Faroka' Turkish tree hazel hybrid. 'Faroka' and its offspring are resistant to filbert blight and bud mite. The nuts range from medium to large size, usually oval with good nut qualities. Suited for climate zones 5b-8.
The Turkish tree hazel is a hazelnut in tree form. Many of them are blight resistant and most are bud mite resistant. The nut quality is variable as they tend to be very mild in flavor with medium thick shells. They are mainly planted for their ornamental characteristics. Suited for climate zones 5-8.
'Gamma' was selected in Oregon as a pollinizer variety for their other selections. It is a good producer of medium size, round, well filled nuts. It is moderately blight resistant with good bud mite resistance. Ferrero will accept the nuts for their products. We only recommend it as a pollinizer for zone 6b-8 in the milder regions of Ontario where tender fruit is grown. We consider it a potential main crop cultivar. Due to its mid-September ripening, it can be matched with later ripening cultivars for harvest separation. It will work well with 'Yamhill' since the nuts are similar ripening, size and quality, the two can be mixed in the harvest. 'Gamma' will also act as a pollinizer for 'Yamhill'. The catkins have shown good survival in early studies at Simcoe Experiment Station zone 6a.
'Yamhill' is a main production European hazel cultivar. It is an Oregon State University introduction accepted by Ferrero Roche for their candy and chocolate spread making.The tree is relatively hardy and a strong grower. It is suited for the milder tender fruit growing regions of Ontario. The tree is blight and bud mite resistant. The nut is medium size, round and well filled. It is a suitable pollinizer for zone 7-8. Female bloom is hardy for zone 6b-8.
'Jefferson' is a main production European hazel cultivar. It is an Oregon State University introduction accepted by Ferrero Roche for their candy and chocolate spread making. The tree is relatively hardy and a strong grower. It is suited for the milder tender fruit growing regions of Ontario. The tree has good bud mite resistance but moderate filbert blight resistance. Sprays and pruning will be required for filbert blight control. The nut is large size, round and well filled. It is a replacement for 'Barcelona' which was the main production variety in Oregon before blight arrived. It will produce viable pollen in zones 6b-8. Female bloom is hardy for climate zones 6b-8.
'Farris G17' was introduced by Cecil Farris from Michigan. It is a 'Faroka' seedling. It is productive and blight and bud mite resistant. The nut is large, oval and well filled. Suited for climate zones 6a-8 as a pollinizer and producer.
'Tonda di Gifoni' is an Italian cultivar favored by Ferrero Roche. It is under test to determine its suitablity for Ontario's mildest climates. It is moderately blight resistant with good bud mite resistance. Sprays and pruning may be required for filbert blight control. The tree is still under test. The nut is medium size, round and well filled. It can have mould problems during a wet harvest season. Suited for climate zones 7-8.