Beech ImageBeech ImageBeech Image

Beech

The European beech is hardy over a wide region from Nova Scotia to Southern Ontario in the west. It can grow to 100 feet or more tall (30 m). It is not as hardy as our native American beech but it transplants easier and bears sooner. The edible fruit is a small, sharply-angled nut, borne in pairs in a soft-spined, 4 lobed husk. The nuts are an important wildlife food. Suited for zones 5-9. Tree size ranges from 12-18 m in height and 15 m wide (70 x 45 ft) at maturity.

American Beech Seedling Image
American Beech Seedling

American Beech grows into a wide oval, 25 m tall and spreads 20 m (70 ' tall, 40' wide).  The bark that is smooth and a light bluish-grey that darkens with age. Its large oval leaves (six to 14 centimetres long) are dark bluish-green on top and lighter beneath.The tree grows slowly, and prefers a sunny location and a moist, light soil. The delicious nuts grow in pairs in bristly reddish-brown husks. Two trees are needed to produce nuts. Suited for zones 5-8.

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